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NOTE: this booklet has since been updated substantially and incorporated into the forthcoming Lost Races of the Ancient World book.



In this section we shall discuss the peoples descended from Dodanim and in the following sections the amazing truth concerning the western and eastern branches of Tarshish.






The peoples of Dodanim are called Rodanim in I Chronicles 1:7. The Septuagint version translates both Dodanim (in Genesis) and Rodanim (in I Chronicles) as Rhodioi. There is no doubt in the minds of researchers that the Dardanians were originally a people in Asia Minor or western Turkey.[1] Aalders is convinced that the rendering in the Bible should read Dardanim and that this obviously refers to the residents of Asia Minor in the area of Troy which traces its origin to a certain Dardanus. Later we find the city of Dardanus there and the surrounding area became known as Dardany.[2]


Undoubtedly the name also refers to the original inhabitants of the Isle of Rhodes, off the western coast of Asia Minor, in the Aegean Sea.[3] In his excellent work, Dr. Gayre has the following to say of the matter:


Dodanim has Rodanim as an alternative reading, and if so it will indicate the inhabitants of Rhodes.[4]


The peoples of Rhodes were known as Rhodians or Dardani. The entire chain of islands off Asia Minor were known as the Dodecanese, which means today "twelve islands", Rhodes being the most southerly. The Greeks still call these islands the Dodekanissos, and indeed they belong to Greece.


The bulk of Dodanim migrated through Greece and Yugoslavia and a province in eastern Greece is known as Rodopi. It is the second province before one reaches Turkey. To the south is the Aegean Sea and Bulgaria lies to the north. Today we still have a mountain range in southern Bulgaria/eastern Greece called the Rhodope Mountains. We also find in ancient Greece a city called Dodana.[5]


Ancient historian, Ammianus Marcellinus refers to the Dardani as occupying Illyricum:


Some asserted that the people first in these regions [Gaul] were...Celts...and Galatae (for so the Greek language terms the Gauls)...Others stated that the Dorians [ie Greeks]...settled in the lands bordering on the Ocean...Some assert that after the destruction of Troy a few of those who fled from the Greeks and were scattered everywhere occupied those regions, which were then deserted.[6]


Interestingly, Marcellinus also mentions the city of Dardanus on the Hellespont[7], the Rhodii people of the isle of Rhodes[8], a region of Thrace which was known as Rhodopa[9] and the region of Gallograecia, past Nicea.[10]


Pliny, in his Natural History[11], refers to the River Rhode running off the Black Sea and a more modern historian, Geipel, reveals that a tribe known as the Rhoddani lived in the Euxine cradleland.[12] Whilst describing the lower Danube area, Pliny mentions that the "Moesia contains the Dardani".[13] In addition he refers to Mount Rhodope,[14] the "savage tribe of the Dardani"[15] dwelling on the northwest coast of Greece, the river Rhoedias[16] flowing off the north coast of the Aegean Sea in Macedonia and the town of Rodosto.[17] Historian Lempriere concurs with this but adds that the Trojans were called Dardani or Dardanidae after the region of Dardania. He further asserts that the Dardanelles received its name from them.[18] While Strabo makes mention of the Dardanii as dwelling in northern Yugoslavia in association with the Galatae or as an alternative name for the Galatae.[19] These Galatae were central European Keltic (West Alpine) tribes. Strabo speaks of "the Dardanian country. This country borders on the Macedonian and the Paeonian tribes on the south".[20]


He also refers to these people as the Dardaniatae[21]. The Galatae were also known as Gallo-Graecians![22] Any historian would inform you that these Gallo-Graecians were also known as Kelts and eventually settled in central France. Some historians even label them as the Kelto-Skuthai or Kelto-Scythians.[23] They were, of course, not the same as the Kelts which invaded the British Isles.


Anthropologist Kephart writes that Keltic intruders (the Umbri from Illyria"entered the Po River Valley and pushed earlier arrivals ahead of them".[24]


And historian Filmer wrote:


It is important to realise...that the majority of the Celts remained for many years in their settlements in central Europe...a large group burst through the Alps into Italy, pressing on south to sack Rome itself. These were subsequently driven back into northern Italy to become known as the Cis-Alpine Gauls, to distinguish them from [their relatives] the Trans-Alpine Gauls in France.[25]


A branch of Dodanim dwell to this day in northern Italy. They are concentrated in the north and northwest. In this regard, Pliny refers to the tribe of Dardi living in Apulia in Italy.[26] Apulia was part of the ancient Magna Graecia.[27] In the north-east they dwell near the Bavarians and Illyrians (related to the Albanians and many Yugoslavs). They are of the Alpine sub-racial stock, comprising 25% of the population of Italy. Nearby dwell Nordic descendants of the Ostrogoths, from Gether, son of Aram (5% of the population). But most Italians are Mediterranoids (70%).


Perhaps the Ligurians may be traced to this stock. We know that they settled for a time the region of Liguria on the west of Italy and it was thought that they may have descended from the Gauls or Greeks and may perhaps have been the posterity of the Ligyes which Herodotus referred to. The Ligyes originally inhabited the area between the Caucasus and the river Phasis.[28]




as Galli, Gallo-Kelts or Gauls. In Gaul they were known as the Celtorii.[29] Brentano writes:


This name Celt, they gave themselves. Some also called them Galates. The Romans called them Galli.[30]


In fact the Roman historians even claimed that the Gauls originally came from the eastern Mediterranean before settling in France![31] Anthropologist Kephart says that these Gallo-Kelts came from south-eastern Europe near Constantinople![32] One of the major or chief tribes of these French Gauls or Galli was known as the Redones.[33]


They named the River Rhone after themselves as it was originally known as the Rhodanus.[34] Pliny states that there was the "former site of Rhoda [a town on the Rhone][35], a colony of Rhodes, that has given its name to the Rhone"[36]and a tribe in central France known as the Rhedones.[37] In Germany, where many of these Gallo-Kelts settled for a time, we had the Rhadana River.[38] Most of the Walloons of southern Belgium also descend from Dodanim, having been cut off from their brethren of central/eastern France by a Nordic element in northern France:


The name given to the Celtic tribe of the Gauls, taken from the German form Walah, applies to the Valagues, or Walloons, or Gallois, to the Gauls themselves.[39]


The Walloons comprise 40% of the population of Belgium. The remaining 60% are overwhelmingly Nordics and are known as the Flemings.


It is also quite possible that a branch of Dodanim arrived in France by sea. A people called the Ligurians anciently settled in southern France. "Thus small built were the Ligurian people, their origin linked with the most famous of the Greek colonies, Sicily"[40] writes one historian. Another writes concerning them that


It should be noted also that the Classical historians found traces of them even in Anterior Asia, evidently their country of origin.[41]


This branch evidently stopped over in Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica and Languedoc in their journey to France[42]. What did they look like? They were characterised by "their small waistline, their slightly swarthy skin, black hair and small head".[43]


Physical anthropologist John Beddoe further enlightens us of the sub-racial type of the Ligurians:


A number of skulls...have furnished the basis for the construction of what is generally called the Ligurian type, a very broad form [i.e. brachycephalic] resembling the Keltic...the Piedmontese, Kelto-Ligurian, [are] very broad-headed [and] are short.[44]


In other words they are Western Alpine in racial type and are thus not the ancestors of the dark, long-headed (dolicocephalic) Mediterranoid element in southern France. Beddoe also terms the Ligurians as Gallokeltic. Other historians call them Celto-Ligurians. Though of an identical brachycephalic Alpine sub-race as the Gauls, they spoke a different language. They spread down into Spain, with many returning to France (primary and reflux movements).[45]


A branch of the Ligurians migrated into Portugal[46], but there are none there today.[47] Most Portugese are descended from Tarshish, while those in the south have mixed to a degree with Semites and Negroids. Many are mixed returnees from Brazil, Timor, Angola and Mozambique. Today a large segment of the population of northern Spain is descended from the Gauls.[48] They settled in Aragon or Galicia,[49]while other Celts settleed in Asturia.[50] It should also be noted that many of Dodanim's descendants, known as Celtae, were known as Celtiberi once they sank their roots in Spain.[51] The Basques of south-west France/northern Spain dwell nearby.


Some Gauls returned to their original homeland in south-east Europe and Asia Minor in c280 B.C., becoming known as the Galatians[52]. But the overwhelming majority remained in France. Back in the sixteenth century A.D., both Pierre David Huet and Samuel Bochart believed and wrote firmly that the majority of French descended from Dodanim.[53].




The Gauls, Walloons, many northern Spanish and the northern Italians descend, as we have seen, from Dodanim. All physical anthropologists relate that the Gallo-Kelts are the ancestors of the central French.[54]


In terms of physical anthropology, in comparison to Nordics, they are broad-headed (brachycephalic), have a larger, broader nose and darker skin pigmentation[55] and are shorter in stature on average; in addition they have a much lower percentage of blondes. Today the peoples of France may be divided into three distinct types as they were even in the times of Caesar and described as such by him.[56] The central/eastern French and also the majority of Bretons are Dodanim Alpines (55% of the population); the northern French are Nordics (20-25%); those in the north-east are of German stock; the southern French are Mediterranoids, mixed of Canaanites and north Africans (15%). Also the Quebecans of Canada are over-whelmingly from Alpine Dodanim stock. Quebec is poised today like a dagger at the heart of North America. She may yet play a large part in the efforts of the soon-coming United States of Europe - a National European Socialist Empire - comprising overwhelmingly the Alpine and Mediterranoid elements of Europe but relatively few Nordics. Quebec may be their launching pad into North America!


Some may argue that because the Central French are called Kelts, 'therefore they must be related' to the Kelts of the British Isles. This is not the case as physical anthropologists have proven that they are Alpines. A perceptive glance by the naked eye would reveal that to anyone willing to see if he had to visit France.


You see, although the Gallo-Kelts or Gauls spoke an identical language to the Nordic Kelts, they were two totally different sub-racial stocks both of which were called Keltic or Celtic. As a result, confusion has arisen in the minds of researchers according to Professor Carleton Coon.[57]


The author of the unpublished manuscript, Key to North-West European Origins[58], also believes such:


There is every reason to believe that the original Celts, like the early Teutons and Germani, were primarily of 'Nordic' racial type even though a number of round or broad-headed Alpine type were undoubtedly included among them. This name 'Celt' has certainly been applied in later times to some Alpine types.


These Alpine Kelts or Gauls were so impressed by the Nordic Kelts that they liked to relate themselves to these Nordics by dyeing their hair to make it look like these Nordics![59]


The Kelts who came to Britain were of the Nordic variety according to anthropologist John Baker.[60] They were tall, dolicecephalic and fair-skinned. The early Kelts spoke the Q dialect of the Gallo- Kelts, but are racially distinct. It was the Romans who confused the matter by calling both sub-races Galli. The latter Kelts who invaded Britain spoke the P dialect of the Nordic Kelts and who were also Nordic by race.[61] A few Gallo-Kelts who invaded Britain with the Nordic Kelts in the first invasions by them (the Q speaking Kelts), were later driven out of south-western England into Breton in France.[62]


Prior to the Q Keltic invasion of Britain by Nordic Kelts and Gallo-Kelts, a Mediterranoid element existed in Wales and southern Ireland known as Silurians.[63] The blood type of some of the olive-skinned tribes of the extreme north-west of Wales and extreme south-west of Ireland are almost identical to the Canaanites of North Africa, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily and southern Italy,[64] but the vast majority of Irish and Welsh are from the Nordic Kelts (called Celtae or Belgae) and who remain unhybridized.[65]










Many Bible scholars know where Tubal, Meschech, Elishah and Magog are, as well as Tarshish. How do they go about proving the location of the western branch of Tarshish?


The root form of Tarshish is "rasasu" which means "to be smelted". Tarsisu is derived from this root and means a "smelting-plant" or "refinery".[66] The inhabitants of Tarshish were called Tharsians or Tarseaiium in times of old. They founded the city of Tarsus or Tharsos in Cilicia, Asia Minor (see Acts 9:11,30; 11:25; 21:39; 22:3) before one group branched off westwards. The Assyrians called it Tarzu[67]. The peoples of Tarshish have marks of their migration left behind them in the Mediterranean. For instance, monumental inscriptions bearing the name of Tarshish was erected by the Phoenicians Canaanites) in Sardinia. Jonah attempted to flee to Tarshish:


But Jonah rose up to flee into Tarshish from the presence of the Lord, and went down to Joppa; and he found a ship' going to Tarshish (Jonah 1:3).


Tarshish was a city-port on the Mediterranean sea-coast. Where was that? Any Bible scholar will tell you it may be found in southern Spain.[68] For in Spain lay the city of Tartessus. According to Herodotus[69] and Strabo, Tartessus is where Cadiz now stands. Carteria on the Bay of Gibraltar was also known as Tartessos.[70] The Tarshish of southern and central Spain was noted, for its silver, iron, tin and lead.[71](cp Ezekiel 27:12). No wonder they were named "Tartessus" ("to be smelted"). It should be noted that the Spanish peninsula took its name Iberia, from the Iberians, a name of Greek origin.


There is nothing new of course, in believing that the bu1k of the Spanish are descended from Tarshish. Daniel Huet, Bishop of Avranches, and Calvinist Pastor, Samuel Bochart of Caen, in the sixteenth century, also believed this truth.[72]


King Ahasuerus (i.e. Xerxes, reignedc.485 - 464 B.C.) "laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the sea" (Esther 10:1). This may have included Tarshish as his empire probably had interests there at the height of his power.[73] One of his chief counsellors was actually named Tarshish (Esther 1:14). This was often done in those times as high-ranking persons were often named after distant provinces.[74]


One of Benjamin's grandsons was called Tarshish (I Chronicles 7:10), which may indicate that a part of that tribe either lived in Spain for a time or traded with it. The heart of Spanish or Tarshish civilization was Andalusia in southern Spain, before spreading northwards. Their arts and industries indicates a striking similarity to those of the Phoenician Canaanites and Greeks. The Greeks and Canaanites also established trading colonies in Spain, but this did little to alter the original racial strain. To the north a tiny Nordic element still persists; and a very dark element in the deep south of Spain is extant, being the remnants of the Arabs and Moors which invaded Spain centuries ago. However, most were driven back out of Spain and thus did not alter the racial make-up of the original Spanish.[75]




The peoples descended of Javan mutated into two different racial types; one an olive-skinned Caucasian type; the other a yellow-skinned type. Undoubtedly the eastern branch of Tarshish, dwelling anciently in Asia Minor, migrated with Kittim, a similar - looking people, into the Far East. A branch of Elishah may have travelled with them. I am pleased to find that I am not alone in proclaiming an eastern Tarshish. Chambers, in one publication, asserts that there was indeed an eastern Tarshish, but feels that it is in India.[76]


Where did the eastern Tarshish finally put down roots? The Bible gives us plenty of clues:


For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks (I Kings 10:72. See II Chronicles 9:21).


Jehoshaphat made ships of Tharshish to go to Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Ezion-geber (I Kings 20:48. See the parallel scripture in II Chronicles 20:36-37 where it mentions "ships to go to Tarshish").


These scriptures speak in terms of a sea port to Tarshish at Ezion-geber on the Red Sea coast. The New Bible Commentary feels that although these ships went as far as India, they could not have circumvented Africa to get to the western Tarshish (Spain)[77] as this would have taken too long and would have been uneconomical. This commentary concludes that a careless scribal error must have slipped into the two accounts of Tarshish in II Chronicles.[78] Two scribal errors of the same nature in the one book? How preposterous! Instead here is a mention of an eastern Tarshish, a possibility most scholars overlook.


The same Commentary admits that there was more than one Tarshish and that there may have been one in the Orient, but rejects the idea because there is no record of such a port.[79] We shall see. Custance also believes such, but admits that it is impossible to think in terms of ships of Tarshish bringing ivory, apes and peacocks from Spain.[80] And the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia[81] states that there was a Tarshish accessible from Ezion-geber.


Back to the scripture first quoted. The words used here of apes and peacocks are Indian (Tamil), not Hebrew.[82] So the ships to and from Tarshish stopped over in India on the way back to Israel. Josephus renders the same verse as "ivory, Ethiopians and Apes".[83] The Hebrew here for "Ethiopians" is "Sukkiyyim".


There were no black Cushitic peoples in Spain. They were only in East Africa and India. Here is further proof that there was an eastern Tarshish. Undoubtedly, as I stated previously, Tarshish migrated with Kittim. They stayed with Kittim for a time in northern China. The Chinese Yuan-Yuan Empire and Yuanan region take their names from Javan, father of Tarshish! The peoples of Persia called those descended from Javan in Asia Minor Yuna or Yauna.[84] By the way, the island of Java in Indonesia may be named after him.


In China, along the coast, there was a people called the Three Han by the early Chinese writers. Han may be a derivation of Javan or Yahan. They were recognised as being a very different people to the rest of the Chinese. The three were the Ma-Han, Shon-Han and the Pien-Han. There is, as Bishop writes, a very close relationship between them and the people who settled in Japan .[85] No doubt they were the very ones who settled in Japan later. Their culture may be described as partly Chinese and partly central Asian[86], where the Scythians were. Hurlimann traces them back to central Asia[87] and Japanese traditions maintain that they originated in the far west of Asia![88]


The ancient maps, says Professor Odlum, show the Sacae or Saka right across south Siberia and into Korea.[89] The name Saka is found in Japan, even on modern maps: Sakai (near Osaka), Saeki, Sakaiminato, Sakata, Sakishima and Sakurai. Even the burial customs of the Japanese as revealed in the ancient tombs resemble those of the Scythians, says Hurlimann.[90]


Hurlimann continues: the ancient Japanese constructed dolmens. They were radically different to those in Korea; and the Chinese built none. Another proof, he says, that the Chinese and Japanese (in the main) are ethnologically dissimilar.[91] In fact the dolmens of Japan are similar to those in the West and no dolmens are found east of the Caspian Sea.[92]


It is not generally known that the Japanese claim in their traditions to have been led to the island of Japan by a symbolic three-legged sun-crow (it appears somewhat to a swastika in shape).[93] It is interesting that the only other area of the world where one finds such symbols are the regions of southern Turkey. Josephus wrote that "Tharsus [gave his name] to the Tharsians; for so was Cilicia of old called".[94] Therefore it should come as no surprise that the ancient capital of Cilicia was Tarsus. Is this where the Japanese first settled ?


Of further interest is the statement in a Japanese document compiled in 720 AD, the Nihon shoki (Chronicles of Japan), that Ninigi, a forefather of their race, had four sons. This may have been Javan who also had four sons. From one son descended the Japanese emperor Jemmu Tenno. This son was named Po-wori which means "FireBender" and may be compared to Tarshish which means "smelter" or "refiner".[95]




When the Spaniards first encountered the Japanese, they referred to them as "the Spaniards of Asia" - by which they meant the Tarshish of Asia.[96] This is where the eastern Tarshish is! In Japan! The Spanish knew that they were descended, to a large degree, from Tarshish.


Colin in his Native Races and Their Customs writes:


The principle settler in these archipeligoes was Tharsis, son of Java, together with his brothers.[97]


Where does the name JAPAN come from? JAVAN of course! The name JIH-PUN was used by the Chinese of them and later came to mean, RISING SUN.


The Kittim in north-eastern China are taller than the Magogites, have lighter skins and are fairly dolichocephalic. The Japanese, say the anthropologists, are related to the former.[98] And at least 20% of the northern Chinese in build, proportion and features resemble the Mediterranean-Southwest Asian peoples.[99] So say anthropologists!


In Japan today, four primary sub-racial groups may be identified:


1. The Okayama : The ruling class who are taller and more European-looking than the rest; they have a complexion ranging from yellow to almost pure white; small mouth, finer features and slender build; they live mainly in the north.[100] These are the descendants of Tarshish. Buxton adds that they came from Korea and Manchuria originally[101], near where Kittim settled. Haddon asserts that they descend from Bronze Age conquerors who came from Central Asia while many of those in the lower classes reveal Malayo-Polynesian origins.[102]


2. The Ishikawa/Chikuzen : A darker strain, related directly to the central Chinese; these have prominent cheek-bones, large mouth, heavily boned physique. They are a mixture of the Chinese and Korean invaders with the original inhabitants.[103] These are from Magog.


3. The Satsuma : A very dark proto-Malay[104] or south-east Asian strain; they number so few as to be almost negligible; they probably drifted into Japan via the Kuro-shino (Black Tide) current which sweeps northward from the Philippines; these dwell mainly in the extreme south.[105] They descend from Ashkenaz.


4. The Ainu : These wonderful people are a mixture of proto-Nordic, Australoid and Mongoloid[106]; approximately eighteen thousand of them are left.[107]. These remarkable people have such European features as oval eyes, heavy distribution of hair throughout the body, thin lips and well-developed jaws and chin.[108]


Thus, as Buxton maintains, from a physical anthropological point of view, the Japanese are not a mere offshoot of the Chinese race, but a totally different stock, related to them.[109] They also have a higher percentage of wavier hair than the Chinese; the length of head is greater and the cranium smaller. The face is narrower and the eye-fold less developed.[110] Also, together with the Koreans, they exhibit a high frequency of Blood group A in common with West Europeans.[111]




The Bible makes quite plain that ships from Israel traded with Japan during the days of Solomon. Is there any evidence of this in Japan itself? Indeed there is!


Professor Odlum, in his booklet, Who are the Japanese? noticed certain resemblances between the Japanese and the Hebrews:


Another thing they have on their palace walls or gate is a picture of a sheperd with a shepherd's crook and sheep. Until these modern days Japan had no sheep...the origin of the picture was in Pa1estine. It showed a Palestinian face and Palestinian sheep. Why did the Japanese peop1e put the picture there when they had no sheep?


Also they have the lion and the unicorn from ancient days in the old Palace of Kioto. One of the pictures has twelve lions, twelve unicorns and twelve serpents; all Israelite regalia.[112]


Like ancient Israel, Japan has a Palace of Gihon (I Kings 1:33) with a picture which would easily remind one of Solomon, says Odlum.[113] And like Israel (II Kings 23:11), they had horses sacred to the sun.[114] I will quickly list several other items which Professor Odlum mentions. By the way, he does not believe the Japanese to be Tarshish or even descended from Japheth! But his booklet is most useful as you can see.


Various artifacts such as an ancient bronze frontlet, properly belonging to western Asia, have been found in Japan.[115] Not only do they use scrolls as Israel did[116], but "the Japanese have used the Moochi, or Unleavened Bread from time immemorial" just as Israel did. Professor Odlum also speculates that the word Samurai is a modification of the word Samaria.[117] The Samurai were a warrior class in Japan.


The Shindai sect or holy class of Japan have some peculiar similarities to the ancient Israelites: their Shinto temple is divided into a holy place and a most holy place; the priests wore a linen dress, bonnet and breeches quite similar to that of the priests of Israel; the ancient worship of the Shindai seems to be connected with the patriachal-type worship of the Israelites. Of further interest is the fact that the first known king in Japan was Osee (730 B.C.) and he may have derived his name from the last king of Israel, Hosea who died about 722 B.C.


Obviously there were contacts between the two peoples since the time of Solomon and they would have heard about Hosea.[118] Also, Levin states that:


Hungarian anthropologist Yanka noticed the distinctive type of Japanese nobility, characterized by 'Semitic' traits.[119]


In this regard, it must be noted that distinguished Japanese historian, Dr Oyabe, attempted to establish a blood relationship between Israel and the Japanese. He even went so far as stating that the Japanese descend from Gad and Manasseh. Dr Oyabe cited numerous customs of the Japanese which closely resembles Israelitish customs.[120] Another prominent Japanese, Dr Yoshitomi, drew attention to the resemblences between the Jews, Basques and Japanese.[121]


Surely there can be no doubting now? The Japanese are the eastern Tarshish visited by King Solomon's ships!




Speaking of the fall of modern Tyre/Babylon, Isaiah prophesied:


The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it [Tyre] is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim [north-eastern China] it is revealed to them [how? Because China with her Russian allies would have invaded Europe!]. Be still, ye inhabitants of the isle so shall they be sorely pained at the report of Tyre. Pass ye over to Tarshish; howl, ye inhabitants of the is1e. Pass through thy land as a river, 0 daughter [ie offshoot or mutation] of Tarshish : there is no more strength. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish : for your strength is laid waste (Isaiah 23:1-2, 6, 10, 14; see Ezekiel 27:2, 25).


In this prophecy we have clear indication of Japan being a great trading nation with Europe (Tyre or Babylon). In this regard, one senior Japanese official has publicly announced that "we are keen supporters of a strong [United] Europe"![122] When Europe falls to the eastern hordes, Japan will be greatly dismayed, for now her trading empire would have collapsed. This prophecy cannot speak of Spain, who will be in modern Tyre, as part of it; and not looking from the outside in as this Tarshish does.


In other prophecies God warns Japan:


For the Day of the Lord shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; and he shall be brought low. And upon all the ships of Tarshish. And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down (Isaiah 2:12, 16-17).


God will bring the haughty Japanese down as He will with all peoples. They must learn that it is God who has given them their talents; they must thank Him for it, not be boastful about their achievements, patting themselves on the back.


Another reason for Japan's prophesied punishment is that she no doubt would have taken many Israelites into captivity. We are told in Isaiah that the ships of Tarshish would be the first to bring the Israelites to the Holy Land during the future second Exodus (Isaiah 60:9). Why first? Because she would have repented of her evil toward the House of Israel when she would have taken Israel into captivity. We are being warned regularly by secular prophets in the media.[123] One such 'prophet' who has attempted to warn the Anglo-Saxon powers is Daniel Burstein, author of the tremendous book Yen! The Threat of Japan's Financial Empire which I thorougly recommend to the reader.


Will history repeat itself once again? Will Japan return "back to the future"? Will the Japanese take over the lead of certain Asian nations in the event of America withdrawing from the region and leaving behind a political and military vacuum? And will Japan then form a new Axis with German-led United Europe? Only time can tell. We now know with certainty that in World War Two their plans were to extend their empire through India to Iran; to Madagascar[124] off the shores of Africa; the whole of Australia (with the exception of Tasmania which they were to leave for German settlement); and the western sea-board of Canada, the United States and Mexico.[125]


In February 1941, Japans's expansionist policy was publicly elaborated upon by her Foreign Minister, Matsuoka, who stated that "the white race must cede Oceania to the Asiatics" (ie Japan). The following year, 1942, a top Japanese military spokesman revealed that they would eventually claim the divine right to control the entire world :


"We will carry the war to London and Washington, and we will destroy all traces of European culture, and we will make our Nipponese spirit dominate the world".[126]


Most people today are unaware that the Japanese had their own Mein Kampf in World War Two. It was known as the Tanaka Memorial. This work revealed that a terrible plan had been developed for almost four hundred years. It emerged from a document dated 18th of May 1592. Japan's great hero, Hideyoshi, set forth in this document a plan for world domination and for establishing the Mikado Plan to rule the world!


On 25th July 1941, Baron Tanaka, Premier, presented the Tanaka Memorial as a blueprint for world empire under the Mikado which led to the attack on Pearl Harbour. In fact, it was their religious belief that the Mikado is directly descended from the Mother of Heaven. As he was thus the Son of Heaven, the Emperor had to be world emperor and worshipped as very God! (cp II Thessalonians 2:1-5)


In the book of Psalms, David wrote that God "breakest the ships of Tarshish with an east wind" (Psalms 48:7). This prophecy indicates two things: firstly that Tarshish is the eastern branch spoken of: and secondly, they are a great maritime nation which Spain is NOT today. But the Good News is Japan will repent. God says that during the millenial reign of the Messiah that He will send His saints,


Those that escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish and Javan, to the isles afar off [not Spain which is relatively nearby Palestine], that have not heard My fame, neither have seen My glory; and they shall declare My glory among the Gentiles (Isaiah 66:19).


This prophecy cannot refer to the Spaniards, for most of them have heard at least something about the God of the Bible. Not so the bulk of the Japanese.


Finally, Isaiah prophesied of the "isles" and the ships of Tarshish, during the Millenium, returning to Israel her wealth and taking the Israelites on their ships to Palestine (Isaiah 60:9). Diodorus Siculus, a most reliable historian of the Augustine Age, says that the term "isles" here refers to lands which at that time were undiscovered, unlike Spain which was well known.


Japan's and Spain's repentant attitudes show through clearly in chapter thirty-eight of Ezekiel. In this prophecy, Gog and Magog will attempt to wrest this wealth from Israel, but Tarshish will challenge them and take Israel's side (Ezekiel 38:11, 13). In the words of the Psalmist again:


The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents to God. Yea, all kings shall fall down before Him: All Nations shall serve Him (Psalms 72:10-11).


Japan will repent and learn to serve God!








Aalders,G (1981) Bible Students Commentary. Genesis. (vol 1). translated by W. Heyhon,

Zondervan, Michigan.

Abraham,D (1974) "Japan : now a return to militarism",Pacific Defence Reporter. October : 21-23.

Allen,L (1971) Japan : The Years of Triumph. American Heritage Press.

Apartian,D (1961) The French-Speaking Peoples in Prophecy. Pasadena, California. (unpublished manuscript)

Baker,J (1974) Race. Foundation for Human Understanding, Athens, Georgia.

Beddoe,J (1912) The Anthropological History of Europe. Reprinted by the Cliveden Press.

Befu,H (1971) Japan. Chandler Pub Co, San Fancisco.

Bishop,C (1925) "The Historical Geography of Japan",Annual Report of the Smithsonian


Blaiklok,E (1983) The New International Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology. Zondervan,


Burstein,D (1988) Yen! The Threat of Japan's Financial Empire. Bantam/Schwartz, Melbourne.

Brentano,F (nd) The Origins.

Brinkley,F (1903) Japan and China (vol 1). T.C.&E.C. Jack, London.

Broek,J (1968) A Geography of Mankind. McGraw-Weber,J Hill, New York.

Bromiley,G (1988)(ed) International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Eerdmans, Michigan.

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Bullinger,E (c1890) The Companion Bible. Samuel Bagster & Sons, London.

Buxton,D (1925) The Peoples of Asia. Kegan Paul, London.

Chadwick,N (1970) The Celts. Penguin.

Chambers,A (1989) "Account on Archaeology...", The Australian Christadelphian Shield, October : 9-12

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Driver,S (1904) The Book of Genesis. Westminster Commentaries, 3rd ed., Methuwen, London.

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[1]Driver 1904 : 99

[2]Aalders 1981 : 220

[3]Douglas 1972 : 321

[4]Gayre 1973 : 53

[5]Custance 1975 : 96

[6]Marcellinus xxix.5.22-23

[7]ibid : xxii.8.4

[8]ibid: xxii.16.10-11

[9]ibid : xxii.8.4

[10]ibid : xxii.9.5

[11]Pliny iv.xii.82

[12]Geipel 1969 : 40

[13]Pliny iii.xxv.149

[14]ibid : iii.xxv.150

[15]ibid : iv.i.3



[18]Lempriere 1788 : 193

[19]Strabo 7.5.6


[21]ibid 7.5.7

[22]Guest 1883 : 1 : 43


[24]Kephart 1960 : 284

[25]Filmer c1960 : 8

[26]Pliny iii.xi.105

[27]Lempriere 1788 : 64

[28]ibid : 332

[29]ibid : 136

[30]Brentano : p30

[31]Custance 1975 : 83

[32]Kephart 1960 : 41

[33]Chadwick 1970 : 54

[34]Rouse 1906 : 139

[35]Lempriere 1788 : 545

[36]Pliny bk iii.iii.33

[37]ibid : iv.xix.108


[39]Brentano : pp31-32

[40]Thierry c1910 : 23

[41]Hertz 1928 : 112

[42]Apartian 1961 : 17 ; McEvedy 1967 : 28

[43]Apartian 1961 : 17

[44]Beddoe 1912 : 128, 130

[45]McEvedy 1967 : 28


[47]Stoddard 1924 : 23

[48]McNair 1963 : 154

[49]Beddoe 1912 : 125

[50]Geipel 1969 : 174

[51]Lempriere 1788 : 135

[52]Farrar 1883 : 466

[53]Poliakov 1974 : 140

[54]Baker 1974 : 268-69

[55]Beddoe 1912 : 118-19

[56]Stoddard 1924 : 76

[57]Coon 1948 : 186

[58]McNair 1963 : 148

[59]Baker 1974 : 257


[61]ibid : 258

[62]Taylor 1937 : 172-73

[63]ibid : 177

[64]Baker 1974 : 265

[65]ibid : 766

[66]Douglas 1972 : 1239

[67] Simon 1959:89

[68]Blaikloch & Harrison 1983 : 435

[69]Herodotus : iv.152

[70]Custance 1975 : 95

[71]Pliny Natural History : iv.20

[72]Poliakov 1974 : 140; Custance 1975 : 95

[73]Gordon 1971 : 200


[75]Beddoe 1912 : 127

[76]Chambers 1989 : 9-12

[77]Guthrie 1970 : 386. See also p 335



[80]Custance 1975 : 94

[81]Bromiley 1988 : 734

[82]Bullinger c1890 : 466

[83]Josephus Antiquities 8:7:2

[84]Rapson 1914 : 86

[85]Bishop 1925 : 556

[86]ibid : 558

[87]Hurlimann 1970 : 90

[88]Odlum 1937 : 17

[89]ibid : 27

[90]Hurlimann 1970 : 44

[91]ibid : 90


[93]Nihon shoki bk III, section 11

[94]Josephus Antiquiities

[95]Nihon shoki : bk II, section 27

[96]San Augustin's letter on the Filipinos, s.5; quoted in

The Philippine Islands 1493-1898, c1900.: 40 : 192.

See also Gracians's Criticon.

[97]quoted in The Philippine Islands, ibid : 38

[98]Huxley 1974 : 160

[99]Broek & Weber 1968 : 83

[100]Brinkley 1903 : 38

[101]Buxton 1925 : 217-19

[102]Haddon 1912 : 40

[103]Brinkley 1903 : 38; Buxton 1925 : 217-19

[104]Buxton : ibid

[105]Brinkley 1903 : 38

[106]Hurlimann 1970 : 90; Storry 1968 : 24

[107]Encyc Americana 1986 : 15 : 698

[108]Befau 1971 : 15

[109]Buxton 1925 : 215

[110]Levin 1963 : 316-17

[111]Snyder 1971 : 160

[112]Odlum 1937 : 28-29

[113]ibid : 32

[114]ibid : 38

[115]ibid : 40

[116]ibid : 41

[117]ibid : 52, 54

[118]McLeoud 1879. See the entire book.

[119]Levin 1963 : 318

[120]Plant 1945 : 6

[121]ibid : 7

[122]Hielscher 1987

[123]See for example International Currency Review 1987 : 15-20; Greenwald 1988 : 14-17; Sayle 1979 : 8-10; Abraham 1974 : 21-23

[124]Toussaint. p239

[125]Allen 1971 : 110-111

[126]Daily Sketch, 14th April, 1942